Engineered Wood Floors: Understanding the Basics and Benefits

Sep 28, 2023

Discover the Beauty and Benefits of Engineered Wood Floors

Engineered wood flooring has gained significant popularity over the past few decades. Offering the best of both worlds—the beauty of natural wood and the stability of man-made materials—it’s a favourite choice for homeowners and interior designers alike. But what exactly is engineered wood flooring, and why should you consider it for your home? Let’s dive deep into the basics and benefits.

1. What is Engineered Wood Flooring?

Definition: Engineered wood flooring is made up of multiple layers, with a thin layer of real hardwood on top and several layers of plywood or other wood-based materials beneath. This layered structure provides stability, preventing the floor from expanding and contracting as much as solid wood floors.

Construction: The top layer, often referred to as the ‘wear layer’, is the visible part when installed and can be made from a variety of hardwood species. The layers below are typically made of plywood, although some engineered floors might use other materials.

Engineered Wood Floors

2. Why Choose Engineered Over Solid Hardwood?

Stability: Engineered wood’s multi-layered construction means it’s less prone to warping or expanding or contracting with temperature and humidity changes compared to solid hardwood.

Versatility: Engineered wood can be installed in areas where solid wood might not be suitable, such as basements or over concrete slabs.

Sustainability: Since the top layer uses a thin slice of hardwood, it’s a more sustainable choice, utilising less slow-growing hardwood than a full plank of solid wood.

Cost: Generally, engineered wood flooring is more affordable than solid hardwood, though the price can vary based on the thickness of the wear layer and the type of wood chosen.

Engineered Wood Floors

3. Styles and Finishes

Engineered wood floors come in an array of styles and finishes, catering to diverse tastes.

Species: From oak, maple, and hickory to exotic species like acacia and tigerwood

Finishes: Options range from glossy to matte, and some engineered wood floors come pre-finished, reducing Wood Floor installation time.

Textures: Hand-scraped, wire-brushed, and distressed finishes are among the popular choices, giving the floors an aged or rustic look.

Engineered Wood Floors

4. Installation and placement

Engineered wood floors are known for their flexibility in installation.

Methods: They can be glued down, nailed down, stapled, or even floated, depending on the subfloor and the product chosen.

Locations: Whether it’s over a concrete slab, in basements, or over radiant heating systems, engineered wood’s versatile nature shines.

Engineered Wood Floors

5. Maintenance and Durability

Longevity: With proper care, engineered wood flooring can last for decades. The longevity, however, does depend on the thickness of the wear layer.

Care: Daily sweeping or vacuuming without a beater bar, using wood-friendly cleaners, and avoiding excessive moisture will keep the floors looking their best.

Refinishing: Unlike laminate, engineered wood can be refinished, but the number of times depends on the wear layer’s thickness.

Engineered Wood Floors

6. Environmental Benefits

Sustainable Forestry: Many engineered wood flooring options are sourced from sustainably managed forests, ensuring a reduced environmental footprint.

Less Hardwood Usage: Since only the top layer is made of precious hardwood, fewer trees are needed to produce the same floor area.

7. Points to Consider Before Buying

Thickness of Wear Layer: A thicker layer means a longer lifespan and more opportunities for refinishing.

Quality of Core Layers: The stability of your floor is determined by the quality of the layers beneath the wear layer. High-quality plywood or high-density fiberboard is preferred.

Warranty: Always check the warranty provided by the manufacturer. It gives insights into the product’s expected lifespan and quality.

9. Comparing Engineered Wood with Other Flooring Options

When evaluating flooring options, it’s essential to weigh the pros and cons of engineered wood against other popular choices:

Laminate: Laminate is a photographic print layer sandwiched between a protective top layer and a fiberboard backing. While it may mimic the appearance of wood, it lacks the genuine feel and can’t be refinished like engineered wood. Moreover, it isn’t as resistant to moisture.

Vinyl Plank: Vinyl plank flooring has gained popularity for its waterproof properties and versatility in design. However, it’s entirely synthetic, which means it may not offer the same warmth and natural beauty as engineered wood.

Tile: While tiles are durable and moisture-resistant, they can feel cold and hard underfoot. Unlike the warmth and comfort of engineered wood, tiles might require area rugs for added comfort in living spaces.

Bamboo: Bamboo is often praised for its eco-friendliness and unique look. However, it may not be as durable as engineered wood, especially in areas with high foot traffic or potential moisture.

Engineered Wood Floors

10. Innovations in Engineered Wood Flooring

The world of engineered wood flooring isn’t static; it has seen numerous advancements:

Water-resistant cores: Some engineered wood products now feature water-resistant cores, making them even more suitable for areas prone to moisture.

UV protection: Modern finishes sometimes include UV protection, preventing the wood from fading due to sunlight exposure.

Eco-friendly adhesives: Manufacturers are increasingly using adhesives that release fewer volatile organic compounds (VOCs), making indoor air quality healthier.

Enhanced wear layers: Innovations in wear layer treatments, like aluminium oxide coatings, have made some engineered wood floors even more resistant to scratches and dents.

11. The Importance of Underlayment

Underlayment is a crucial component when installing engineered wood floors.

Soundproofing: A good underlayment can reduce the sound of footsteps and provide a sound barrier between floors in multi-story buildings.

Moisture Barrier: Especially important in basements or over concrete, underlayment can prevent moisture from reaching the wood.

Comfort: The underlayment provides a slight cushioning effect, making the floor more comfortable to walk on.

Thermal Insulation: In colder climates, an underlayment can add a layer of insulation, ensuring the floor doesn’t feel too cold underfoot.

With these additional layers of understanding, you’re well equipped to make an informed choice. Now, let’s wrap things up.

Engineered Wood Floors


Engineered wood flooring strikes a balance between aesthetics and functionality. While it offers the authentic appeal of wood, its multi-layered construction ensures durability and stability. Whether you’re renovating an old space or designing a new one, engineered wood floors offer a stylish, sustainable, and cost-effective solution for your flooring needs.

Whether you’re drawn by its versatility, environmental benefits, or sheer beauty, there’s no denying that engineered wood flooring deserves consideration in any modern home.


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