Staining and Sealing Hardwood Floors

Sep 16, 2023

Unveiling the Secrets to Staining and Sealing Hardwood Floors

Embarking on the journey of renovating your home often starts with the flooring, the foundation upon which the ambiance of every room is built. Staining and sealing hardwood floors is a time-honoured method that breathes new life into your living spaces, offering a fresh and updated look while ensuring their endurance for years to come. In this guide, we take a detailed journey through the pivotal stages of this transformative process, arming you with the knowledge and insights needed to either take up this project yourself or to be a well-informed homeowner as you entrust this task to professionals. Prepare to unveil the hidden glow and pristine finish that lie within your hardwood floors as we delve into the fascinating world of staining and sealing.

When it comes to enhancing the beauty and longevity of hardwood floors, the two-step process of staining and sealing is unparalleled. Not only does it revamp the look of your floors, but it also lends them an additional layer of protection. In this blog post, we shall delve deep into the intricacies of staining and sealing hardwood floors, helping you master the art and technique involved in this home improvement task.

Sealing Hardwood Floors

Understanding the Importance of Staining and Sealing

Protecting your investment

Hardwood floors are an investment that adds value to your home. Protecting this investment through staining and sealing helps maintain its durability and aesthetic appeal over the years.

Enhancing the Appearance

Staining offers you the chance to change or enhance the natural colour of the wood. It can transform the entire ambiance of a room, making it look more contemporary or rustic, depending on your preferences.

Increasing Resilience

Sealing, on the other hand, safeguards your floors against potential damages like moisture absorption, making them more resilient and easy to maintain.

Preparing for the Staining and Sealing Process

Before you embark on this project, preparation is key. Here are some critical steps in the preparation phase:

Clearing the area

Remove furniture, rugs, and other objects from the area to be treated. This will give you an unobstructed space to work in.

Cleaning the floors

Clean the floors thoroughly to remove dust, grime, and other particles that can interfere with the staining and sealing process.

Sanding the surface

Sanding Wood Floor is essential to creating a smooth surface that is ready to absorb the stain evenly. Depending on the condition of your floors, you might need to go through several grades of sandpaper, from coarse to fine.

Sealing Hardwood Floors

Selecting the Right Stain

Choosing the right stain is pivotal to achieving the desired results. Here are a few factors to consider:

Type of wood

Different woods react differently to stains. Conduct a patch test on a small, inconspicuous area to understand how the wood in your home responds to various stains.

Desired Shade

Stains come in various shades. Choose one that complements the overall colour scheme of your home.

Type of stain

Stains can be oil-based or water-based. While oil-based stains are more durable and rich, water-based stains are more environmentally friendly and easier to clean up.

The staining process

Applying the stain

Once you have selected the right stain, the application process begins. Using a brush or a rag, apply the stain evenly to the floor. Ensure that you are working in sections to avoid overlaps.

Wiping off excess stains

After letting the stain sit for a stipulated time (as per the manufacturer’s instructions), wipe off the excess stain using a clean rag. This ensures an even finish.

Repeating the process

Depending on the depth of colour you desire, you might need to repeat the staining process multiple times.

Sealing Hardwood Floors

Sealing your hardwood floors

After the staining process, sealing the floor is the next critical step. Here’s how to go about it:

Choosing the right sealer

Sealers come in different types, including polyurethane (oil-based and water-based), wax, and shellac. Consider factors such as durability, drying time, and the final look before making your choice.

Applying the sealer

Using a roller or a brush, apply the sealer evenly across the floor. Follow the grain of the wood to achieve a smooth finish.

Letting it dry

Allow sufficient time for the sealer to dry. Avoid stepping on the floor or placing any objects on it during this time.

Sanding between coats

For a superior finish, lightly sand the floor between coats using fine-grit sandpaper. This helps in achieving a smooth and even surface.

Applying multiple coats

Depending on the type of sealer you have chosen, you might need to apply multiple coats to achieve the desired level of protection.

Sealing Hardwood Floors

Maintenance Tips for Your Stained and Sealed Floors

Regular Cleaning

Regular cleaning helps maintain the lustre and beauty of your floors. Use products that are specifically designed for hardwood floors.

Avoiding water damage

Prevent water damage by cleaning spills immediately and avoiding excessive water use while mopping.

Protecting from Scratches

Use felt pads under furniture legs to prevent scratches and dents on your newly finished floors.

Immediate Action on Spills

Accidents happen, but swift action can prevent lasting damage. Always clean spills promptly to prevent stains and moisture seepage, which can warp the wood.

Using the Right Cleaning Agents

Not all cleaning agents are hardwood-friendly. Always opt for pH-neutral cleaners that are specially formulated for hardwood floors to maintain their lustre without causing harm.

Regular Dusting

Regular dusting not only keeps your floor clean but also prevents the accumulation of grit and dirt that can scratch the surface over time. A microfiber mop or cloth can be a great tool for this task.

Refinishing When Necessary

Over time, the protective layer can wear off. Consider refinishing your floors when you notice signs of wear and tear to maintain their beauty and longevity.

Sealing Hardwood Floors


Staining and sealing hardwood floors is not just a home improvement task but an art that enhances the aesthetic appeal and longevity of your floors. A perfect blend of the right techniques, materials, and maintenance practices can transform your hardwood floors into timeless beauty that lasts for generations.

Remember, patience and attention to detail are your best allies in this project. Whether you are a DIY enthusiast or planning to hire professionals, understanding the process can help you achieve the best results, turning your home into a living canvas of elegance and charm.

So roll up your sleeves and get ready to give your hardwood floors the treatment they deserve, ensuring they remain a true reflection of beauty, warmth, and resilience in your home.

Recent Posts